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NUR4130 Professional Nursing Practice

NUR4130 Professional Nursing Practice debate is a structured learning experience that stimulates the use of logical, formal argument and critical thinking in the presentation of factual material.  Debaters research the debate topic, work as a team member, organize and prepare individual presentations, plan some elements of emotional appeal for persuasion.  These asynchronous online debates have a format that provides a framework for the debates.  Teams will be evaluated on their work; however, the emphasis is not on “winning”.  There is also an evaluation of each student’s individual contribution.   Debate Format   The debate will take place in a designated Discussion Board Forum.  It will commence on specific beginning and ending dates (to be posted).  During each time period only the designated debaters will present their team positions.  All other classmates, including the opposing team, will read the  posting but will not reply until the designated time.     Debate Team Roles   Each team member will have an opportunity to be both an Initial Debaters and a Rebuttal Debater.   Each Initial Debater has a maximum of 600 words to present his/her position(s) on the issue.  Debaters may complete their presentation in less than 600 words but may not go over the word limit.  Debates will begin with one team member from the PRO team followed by a member of the con team who also has 600 words, followed by a pro team member, etc.  Each team will have an equal number of members presenting positions.  (When there are uneven team sizes an accommodation will be made). As the two teams are alternating in this initial part of the debate team members will focus on what they have prepared to present; however, they may make some comments about statements that have already been made by their opponents.  They should keep their focus on their positions as there will be time later for rebuttals.   The first initial debater from each team has a slightly special role in that they should introduce their team and present a clear, well-constructed statement of main ideas in their opening statement, including their team’s position on the issue They should gather the main arguments into an introductory statement, not giving a lot of specific information, just saying, “this is true because of A and B and C.”  Then they use the rest of their time to focus on one area.  (NOTE that the first initial debater does not just introduce the team and their overall positions).  The following initial debaters give specific details that prove A and B and C, etc.  Teams can decide if they want the last member to give any summary statements.   Rebuttal debaters begin after the presentation of positions has been made by all of the initial debaters on both sides.  First, there will be a day for the two teams to review and organize their rebuttals.   After this there will be 600 word rebuttals (maximum) that will commence with the pro team, followed by the con team, then the pro team etc.  Rebuttals are designed to answer or respond to each of the arguments of the other team.  Presenters may respond to every argument made by other team members, using specific information to disprove them.  The rebuttal round is the time to defend your teams positions and attack weaknesses in your opponents position.  Although you may do a quick review of your teams’ main points you should not use  your “time” to just rehash points already made.  Note that one debate has two rebuttal debaters posting on the same day-read the schedule below carefully when planning debates.   Each team can decide if they want their final rebuttal debater to sum up its position on the issue.  This person can present the closing arguments for the team, repeating the main idea with A, B, and C reasons.  (Note that the reasons may reflect the opening statement but may also include some points to disagree with the opposing team).     Tips   Debaters should aim to write clearly, logically and coherently.   Students need to be familiar with the topic and their points.   Discussion about the topic, the team’s positions and the anticipated positions of the opposition team can be very helpful.   These discussions can be held online in small group discussions or by phone, or even in person.   Members of the debating teams should work together on the points each will debate in order to avoid a situation in which a couple of students raise the same points.  There may be some overlapping of points but sheer repetition is boring for the audience and indicates that the preparation was not co-ordinated.  Team members should also work together to anticipate their opponents points and how they might respond to them.   When presenting your point, try to operate with fact, not opinion.  In other words, try to bring empirical evidence, not pure emotions, into debate.  Try to anticipate the arguments of the other side and come prepared to rebuff them.  Avoid personal attacks or personal remarks during the debate.  Operate with facts and statistics from the readings.  You will be penalized for personalizing the debate.  Personal opinions and experiences can be used to supplement and/or emphasize a position.   The written postings do not need to have references listed but reference sources may be mentioned if that strengthens the argument.  The team should be ready to respond to their opponents questioning of statistics and other factual points.     CRITERIA FOR DEBATE   Teams are graded as a whole and there is also an individual grade.  Team members must work together so that all members have an adequate background on the positions and arguments that are being proposed.    Overall the debates are scored on knowledge, accuracy, reasoning, communication, and presentation.   Debate Grading Guidelines for the Team portion (10 of the total debate grade of 24 points)   Argumentation      Quality of the Research (thorough, comprehensive, creative when possible) Comprehensive understanding of all aspects of the issue. Major points are supported with several relevant facts, statistics or examples. (You will not be expected to bring up points that do damage to your position, your opposing team has that job.  If they do bring up a damaging point you should be ready with a rebuttal). Organization and Coordination Reasoning Communication Presentation – correct grammar and spelling, confidence, clarity and conviction. Respect for the other team   Each Team must submit a list of references used in preparation for the debate.  This list should be comprised of the findings from all team members‘ search of the literature.  The reference list should reflect the points that the team members are making and should be in APA style.   Debate Grading Guidelines for the Individual portion (5 of the total debate 24 points) Presentation – correct grammar and spelling Organization Submission of report of main points to be covered (see below) Each team member must research his/her aspect of the team’s position Debate the issue with rationales, present different points, i.e., members of a team should not repeat the same point unless this was planned for special emphasis as in rebuttals   Each team member should submit a written list of at one or two points (can be more but not necessarily) that they are making in their portion of the debate.  This is expressed in a very short phrase and does not need to be elaborated as the professor should be able to understand the points from the presentation.   ****The Reference Lists and Debate Points should be submitted at least 3 days before the debate begins via email to the Professor.   Three Pre- and One Post-Debate Discussions are another part of the Individual grade worth 9 points total.  Additional instructions will be posted in Blackboard). Sample debate posting The following is a sample for the first team member presenting the PRO side of a debate on a national single-payer health care system in the US.  Note it is 544 words. Hello professors, classmates and fellow debaters.  As the first debater in this online debate I would like to introduce my team Florence Nightingale, Martha Rodgers, Lavinia Dock and Mary Seacole.  We are going to outline the reasons we support the need for a  national, single-payer healthcare system in the United States.  We will address the health of the people of the US, the costs of healthcare under the current “system” and with single-payer, the moral imperative of the government to its people through the legislative process, and the ethical question of whether health care is a human right.   The first point in this debate is the health of our nation.  The United States is recognized as one of the wealthiest countries in the world, an indisputably highly developed country that is both democratic and capitalistic.  The US is ranked as 6th wealthiest country in the world based on the Gross National Product (GNP) per capita.  Some estimates are that 17 % of the GNP in the US is spent on healthcare.  Yet the  United Nations World Population Prospects reports that the infant mortality rate (a standard indicator of the level of health in a country) in the United States is 7.07 deaths per 1,000 live births (last three year average).  This ranks the US as 34th (of 194 countries ranked).  YES, 34th – falling behind Slovenia, Ireland, South Korea, Greece, Brunei and Cuba.  All of the other countries with high GNP rankings also ranked very low in infant mortality, that is they had fewer infant deaths relative to the number of live births.   Isn’t that logical?  A wealthy county would have a “better” rate of infant mortality.  That is not saying that the citizens of a wealthy country have more of a right to better health, just that it is logical that wealth would lead to health.  That is not the United States today.  We are a wealthy country with an expensive health care system but our wealth does not result in better health for our citizens.   The Common Wealth Fund consistently ranks the US last among seven nations that have been studied in terms of performance in health care.  These include rankings of quality care, access, efficiency, equity, and long, healthy, productive lives.  They note that the way in which the US differs from these other countries is the absence of universal health insurance coverage.   The US is the only wealthy nation in the world that does not have health coverage for all of its people.  The economy of the US has not been healthy in the past few years but looking at the last thirty years with a very healthy economy we still find that one-sixth of the people under age 65 are uninsured, most of whom are working in low paying jobs.   Isn’t that logical?  A wealthy county would have a “better” rate of infant mortality.  That is not saying that the citizens of a wealthy country have more of a right to better health, just that it is logical that wealth would lead to health.  That is not what is happening in the United States today.  We are a wealthy country with an expensive health care system but our wealth does not result in better health for our citizens. Debate Topics:     Legislatively Mandated Staffing Ratios      BS in Ten Legislation  ]]>

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